TRB JOBS: Deutschsprachiger Ruby Developer in Hannover - Jaaaa!

Cells

Trailblazer::Cell

Last updated 16 December 2016 trailblazer-cells v2.0

This documents the Trailblazer-style cells semantics, brought to you by the trailblazer-cells gem.

This gem can be used stand-alone without Trailblazer, its only dependency is the cells gem.

A Trailblazer::Cell is a normal cell with Trailblazer semantics added. Naming, file structure, and the way views are resolved follow the TRB style. Note that this will be the standard for Cells 5, which will drop all old “dialects”.

Installation

gem "trailblazer-cells"
gem "cells-slim"

Make sure you also add the view engine. We recommend cells-slim.

File Structure

In Trailblazer, cell classes sit in their concept’s cell directory, the corresponding views sit in the view directory.

├── app
│   ├── concepts
│   │   └── comment            # namespace/class
│   │       ├── cell           # namespace/module
│   │       │   ├── index.rb   # class
│   │       │   ├── new.rb     # class
│   │       │   └── show.rb    # class
│   │       └── view
│   │           ├── index.slim
│   │           ├── item.slim
│   │           ├── new.slim
│   │           ├── show.slim
│   │           └── user.scss

Note that one cell class can have multiple views, as well as other assets like .scss stylesheets.

Also, the view names with Trailblazer::Cell are not called show.slim, but named after its corresponding cell class. For instance, Comment::Cell::Index will render comment/view/index.slim.

Naming

As always, the Trailblazer naming applies.

Comment[::SubConcepts]::Cell::[Name]

This results in classes such as follows.

module Comment::Cell            # namespace
  class New < Trailblazer::Cell # class
    def show
      render # renders app/concepts/comment/view/new.slim.
    end
  end
end

This is different to old suffix-cells. While the show method still is the public method, calling render will use the new.slim view, as inferred from the cell’s last class constant segment (New).

Default Show

Note that you don’t have to provide a show method, it is created automatically.

module Comment::Cell
  class New < Trailblazer::Cell
  end
end

This is the recommended way since no setup code should be necessary.

You’re free to override show, though.

View Names

Per default, the view name is computed from the cell’s class name.

Comment::Cell::New         #=> "comment/view/new.slim"
Comment::Cell::Themed::New #=> "comment/view/themed/new.slim"

Note that the entire path after Cell:: is considered, resulting in a hierarchical view name.

Use ViewName::Flat if you prefer a flat view name.

module Comment
  module Cell
    module Themed
      class New < Trailblazer::Cell
        extend ViewName::Flat
      end
    end
  end
end

Comment::Cell::Themed::New #=> "comment/view/new.slim"

This will always result in a flat name where the view name is inferred from the last segment of the cell constant.

Invocation

To render a cell in controllers, views, or other cells, use cell. You need to provide the constant directly. Ruby’s constant lookup rules apply.

html = cell(Comment::Cell::New, result["model"]).()

Layouts

It’s a common pattern to maintain a cell representing the application’s layout(s). Usually, it resides in a concept named after the application.

├── app
│   ├── concepts
│   │   └── gemgem
│   │       ├── cell
│   │       │   ├── layout.rb
│   │       └── view
│   │           ├── layout.slim

Most times, the layout cell can be an empty subclass.

module Gemgem::Cell
  class Layout < Trailblazer::Cell
  end
end

The view gemgem/view/layout.slim contains a yield where the actual content goes.

!!!
%html
  %head
    %title= "Gemgem"
    = stylesheet_link_tag 'application', media: 'all'
    = javascript_include_tag 'application'
  %body
    = yield

Wrapping the content cell (Comment::Cell::New) with the layout cell (Gemgem::Cell::Layout) happens via the public :layout option.

concept("comment/cell/new", result["model"], layout: Gemgem::Cell::Layout)

This will render the Comment::Cell::New, instantiate Gemgem::Cell::Layout and pass through the context object, then render the layout around it.